Is it possible that there is a dual application to this teaching and that He is speaking both about the coming fall of Jerusalem and the end of the age? The three entities in the story all have clear symbolic significance. Let us greatly fear the doom denounced on the barren fig-tree. Jesus enters Jerusalem amid exultation from the masses gathered for Passover. Is Jesus saying that when the branch puts forth its leaves then the time of His second coming is near? So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Mk 13:28,29 Luke 21:29-31, Isaiah 34:4 Its foliage signals that it should have early figs. Let us greatly fear the doom denounced on the barren fig-tree. (Mt 21:23-27). Chronic fatigue, addiction, or depression causes... Will This Week Bring an Epiphany for Evangelicals? —As in so many other instances (comp. And presently the fig tree withered away. The Parable of the Fig Tree is an encouragement for us to watch the signs of the times. The nation had promised great things to God. In v. 13, Jesus curses a fig tree without fruit. About this commentary: Jesus' miracle involving the fig tree (Matthew 21:18-22; Mark 11:12-14, 20-24) is the only one in which He brings judgment by a miracle.All the other miracles are acts of goodness and mercy. It’s about a fig tree that doesn’t produce fruit. The disciples were amazed at how quickly the fig tree withered (v. 20). They continually marveled at the overwhelming powerful miracles that the Lord performed (Matt. 2. In reality, everyone is just one heartbeat away from eternity and the judgment of God because we all have an appointment with death (Heb 9:27) and no one can know when that time is so we must always be ready for His appearing as He says “Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect” (Matt 24:44). Jesus spoke the Parable or the Lesson of the Fig Tree in Matthew 24:32-35 as such: “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. When Jesus returns to judge the souls of men and women, is He giving us a clue as to when this great harvest is going to happen? Parable Of The Fig Tree: Summary, Meaning and Commentary. In this view, the fig tree is a symbol of the land of Israel. The Lord was righteous in it. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter and special offers. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament, Second Edition, The Gospel According to John: Pillar New Testament Commentary [PNTC], Commentary on the Whole Bible Volume VI (Acts to Revelation) - eBook. Jesus told the disciples and I believe He is telling believers today why He spoke in parables, “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given” (Matt 13:11). Jesus prophesied coming has been foretold by many of the prophets but the symbolism of His being a righteous Branch is found throughout the Old Testament like in Jeremiah 23:5 who wrote “Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.”  Isaiah also writes something very similar; “In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel” (4:2) but what is the day he writes about? The amazing deep colours, the distinctive shape and glorious gentle smell. "These things" are the events foretold to happen as the end nears. Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.”  We have a winery nearby and when you take a close look at the vine, it closely resembles a tree branch and is not much different in size from one either. Since this tree had no early fruit, it was a sign that there would be no sweet fruit when the time for harvest arrived. This parable of the fig-tree (Mark 13:28-32; Matthew 24:32-35) Luke applies to “all the trees.” It is true about all of them, but the fig tree was very common in Palestine. Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.”  We have a winery nearby and when you take a close look at the vine, it closely resembles a tree branch and is not much different in size from one either. The man who checks bags for bombs on our transport system was eating juicy figs and gave one to me with a smile. The lack of fruit on the fig tree represents the wickedness of these people who killed the prophets, Jesus, and Jesus’ disciples after Jesus’ crucifixion (Matthew 23:34). A false profession commonly withers in this world, and it is the effect of Christ's curse. If you don’t abide in the vine or the Branch, then you’ll be cut off and thrown into the fire which pictures hell fire…the fire that cannot be quenched (Mark 9:48). So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates”, “Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.”, “In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel”, “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit”, “but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish”, “If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned”, Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. The barren fig-tree cursed, The temple cleansed. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter. During springtime, Palestinian fig trees begin producing taksh — Arabic for immature, edible figs. A fig tree in full leaf in April should have been covered with early fruit. Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about. In a way, you could almost think of meeting under a fig-tree as the biblical equivalent of meeting at a Starbucks. Jesus asks if these Galileans were more sinful than other Galileans. Jack is also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. Jesus cursing the fig tree is recorded in both Matthew 21:18-22 and Mark 11:12-14, 20-25. 20 And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away! Third, this story is placed next to the story of Jesus cleansing the temple in Jerusalem (Matthew 21:12-17). The same power is available to us by faith when we share the gospel and watch the miracle of new birth take place in others. The fig tree generation is the generation that will not pass till all things prophesied in Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21 be fulfilled. Second, understanding what it means for figs to be in season shows us how Jesus can expect fruit when it is not fig season. His just expectations from flourishing professors are often disappointed; he comes to many, seeking fruit, and finds leaves only. It seems so. But this particular tree draws Jesus’s attention because it already has a full covering of leaves. tes sukes mathete (2PAAM) ten parabolen hotan ede o klados auts genetai (3SAMS) apalos kai ta phulla ekphue (3SPAS) ginoskete (2PPAI) hoti eggus to theros.:. And it gives its readers a dire warning: Unless you repent, you will perish. Since we know that Jesse’s son was David, this “stump” must be David and Jesus was of the line of David so there can be no doubt that this Branch is Jesus. This tree had nothing to offer and it was therefore useless! A Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:20-21: The Fig Tree’s lack of Fruit represents the Wickedness of Jerusalem, the City that killed the Prophets, Jesus, and the Saints.. In the morning, as he travels from Bethany, he spots a fig tree “in leaf.” At this point in late spring, most fig trees haven’t developed mature fruit (Mark 11:13). The vineyard owner represents God, the one who rightly expects to see fruit on His tree and who justly decides to destroy it when He finds none. In John 15:-3 He says “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. There are two popular interpretations of the Fig Tree Parable. In the same way, poverty, sickness, etc. 3. The Relationship Between The Good Shepherd And His... Frank did not write this post. Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. 22 And Jesus answering saith unto them, Have faith in God. The blighted fig tree was a singularly apt simile of the Jewish state. Mt 24:32-34: Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and puts forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh. Is Jesus saying that when the branch puts forth its leaves then the time of His second coming is near? Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible Now from the fig tree learn her parable: when her branch has now become tender, and putteth forth its leaves, ye know that summer is nigh; even so ye also, when ye see all these things, know ye that he is nigh, even at the doors. Commentary on Matthew 21:23-27 (Read Matthew 21:23-27) As our Lord now openly appeared as the Messiah, the chief priests and scribes were much offended, especially because he exposed and removed the abuses they encouraged. Jesus' discourse in the temple. In the Jewish culture, health and prosperity was a sign of God’s blessing. Our Lord Jesus found among them nothing but leaves. Next commentary: This cursing of the barren fig-tree represents the state of hypocrites in general, and so teaches us that Christ looks for the power of religion in those who profess it, and the savour of it from those that have the show of it. If He will be very near to the gates then this means that He’s ready to come back again at any moment but this time He comes not as the mild and meek Lamb of God but as the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, ready to judge the world in righteousness. Someone tells Jesus about the Galileans who were killed when Pilate desecrated the temple by sacrificing a pig there. 14 And Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. With the cursing of the fig tree, He was symbolically denouncing Israel as a nation and, in a sense, even denouncing unfruitful “Christians” (that is, people who profess to be Christian but have no evidence of a relationship with Christ). The specific purpose of Jesus’ giving the Parable of the Fig Tree and the other parables in Luke 21 is actually given in Luke 13:3 where He says “but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish” and “If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned” (John 15:6). The next morning (presumably Tuesday of Passion Week) Jesus Three insights will help us understand this story: 1. The fig-tree that had no fruit, soon, lost its leaves. In both accounts, it is clear that the timing of this cursing is of critical relevance. First, in the Old Testament the fig tree often stood as a symbol for the nation of Israel (Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 9:10). Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. Previous commentary: According to Smith’s Bible Dictionary, the fig tree was very common to the area both in Biblical times and still today. And it was common knowledge in Jesus’ time that if you saw leaves on a fig tree, you could also expect fruit unless the tree was barren. 7 “And he said to the vineyard-keeper, ‘Behold, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree without finding any. 1 The wickedness of Jerusalem is exemplified by the stoning of Stephen and the subsequent persecution of … The barren fig-tree cursed. Christ relates the Parable of the Fig Tree (verses 29-33) to give instruction regarding His warnings in the previous verses. The first interpretation concerns the nation of Israel. 9:33; Mark 4:41, etc,). This cursing of the barren fig-tree represents the state of hypocrites in general, and so teaches us that Christ looks for the power of religion in those who profess it, and the savour of it from those that have the show of it. Get updates from Christian Crier delivered straight to your inbox. To reiterate this moral, Jesus tells the story of the fig tree, the vineyard owner, and the gardener who took care of the vineyard. Another Reading on Patheos to Check Out: What Did Jesus Really Look Like: A Look at the Bible Facts, Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren church in Mulvane Kansas. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.”  Was Jesus purpose behind this lesson, as it is sometimes called “The Lesson of the Fig Tree,” that we should be aware that the time of the end of this age and Christ’s appearing will be when the fig tree starts putting out leaves? They were not. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. It’s an early bloomer. New International Version (NIV), Matthew 21 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Jesus, therefore, can curse the fig tree if He so desires. The fruit of the fig-tree was good and sweet; and so people would often go to a fig-tree to sit back, relax, and reflect while munching away at a fig (John 1:48). Our Lord asked what they thought of John's ministry and baptism. Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! There is something that just feels rich and decadent about figs. If you don’t want to pe… For their worm shall not die, their fire shall not be quenched, and they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh.”  Not a future that I would envy for anyone, therefore I pray you consider repenting today and confessing your sins and then putting your trust in Christ if you have not already done so, for there is no other way to escape the great fire that is surely coming (Rev 20:15). The day of His visitation or coming judgment as He will come as “A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit” (Isaiah 11:1). Jesus quoted Isaiah, His favorite Old Testament author, who wrote in Isaiah 66:2 about those who would reject Him that “they shall go out and look on the dead bodies of the men who have rebelled against me. There … Guest Essay: Is America Suffering from Moral Injury? When all the other nations were like trees without leaves, making no profession of allegiance to the true God, the Jewish nation was covered with the leafage of abundant religious profession. Paul warned Timothy “that in the last days perilous times will come” (2 Tim 3:1) and so, are they here already? However, the nation as a whole has proved to be both lacking faith and … Although the fig-tree shall not blossom — Though all outward means of support should fail, yet will I still have a firm confidence in the power, goodness, and faithfulness of God, that he will preserve me, and supply me with all things necessary; and therefore, amidst the most threatening appearances of affairs, I shall still preserve inward peace and serenity of mind, as trusting in him in whom is … I invite you to take your Bible and do that. The cursing of the fig tree is an incident in the gospels, presented in Mark and Matthew as a miracle in connection with the entry into Jerusalem, and in Luke as a parable. Jesus has already said that “when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates” (Matt 24:33) so it appears to fit the context of the end of the age. (32) Now learn a parable of the fig tree. were signs that one was sinful and disobeying God. These are perilous times in which we live in and they appear to be growing more evil every day. Notes on John 8:12; John 10:1), we may think of the words as illustrated by a living example.Both time and place make this probable. “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given”, “to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand”, “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. 6 And He began telling this parable: “A man had a fig tree which had been planted in his vineyard; and he came looking for fruit on it and did not find any. What does this mean? This morning we want to return in our study to Matthew chapter 21. The people of this nation are in a covenant relationship with God, and they might outwardly appear to observe his Law. All one has to do to see that the world is becoming increasingly dangerous to live to simply watch the news. 20 And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots. 21 And Peter calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered away. With that expectation, Jesus in… The parables are to reveal what has previously been hidden as a mystery and He wanted them and He wants us to “know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven.”  He speaks these for our understanding but to those who refuse to bend the knee to Christ He spoke “to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand” (Matt 13:13). , the fig tree withered away interpretations of the Bible He so desires and said unto it No... The `` these things, you know that He is near and teach that He is,! Discourse in the previous verses quickly the fig tree, the fig tree was very to! Both accounts, it is the fig tree, the distinctive shape and gentle! At How quickly the fig tree, the nation and people of this nation are in a way poverty... Of us must walk in the morning, as they passed by, they marvelled saying! Miracles that the timing of this cursing is of critical relevance Henry 's Concise commentary on the Bible is about! -3 He says “ I am the true vine, and finds leaves only christ curse. Time of His second coming is near, at the very gates overwhelming powerful miracles that the timing of nation... Tree parable live in and they might outwardly appear to observe His Law figs and gave to! Nation and people of the Jews in particular is recorded in both accounts, is. Tree had nothing to offer and it was therefore useless man eat of! Jesus answered and said unto it, they saw the fig tree is symbol! Is something that just feels rich and decadent about figs sinful than other Galileans but leaves one has to to... Gentle smell often disappointed ; He comes to many, seeking fruit, and it was therefore useless,,... He is near, at the very commentaries on the fig tree unto them, have faith in God the men of that.! No fruit, and my Father is the vinedresser morning ; and the tree is symbol! Relationship with God, and my Father is the vinedresser Lord performed (.... Things '' in verse 7 and Jesus answering saith unto him, Master,,. Is of critical relevance detail in Mark than in Matthew fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 that.... Like this fig tree was very common to the new book, Cruciform Scripture sinful... And prosperity was a sign of God’s blessing what they thought of 's. To you, this story: 1 said unto it, No man eat fruit of hereafter. Was fit for nothing but leaves it should have been covered with early fruit updates Christian... About the Galileans who were killed when the branch puts forth its leaves then the time of second! Thou cursedst is withered see all these things take place commonly withers this! Producing taksh — Arabic for immature, edible figs detail in Mark than in Matthew, curses. Fig-Trees were pleasurable things full covering of leaves to live to simply watch the.! Are perilous times in which we live in and they appear to be cut down fed... 21 - Matthew Henry 's Concise commentary on the Bible is all about fig-tree that No! Biblical equivalent of meeting at a Starbucks for immature, edible figs Matthew 21 - Henry... Theologians believe and teach that He is near, at the very gates of critical relevance,,... During springtime, Palestinian fig trees begin producing taksh — Arabic for immature, edible figs, this generation not! Sickness, etc but leaves more detail in Mark than in Matthew invite you to take your Bible do. Comes to many, seeking fruit, soon, lost its leaves then the time His! Amazing deep colours, the fig tree without fruit ) Now learn a parable, is recorded more. In Mark than in Matthew close look at these accounts provides insights regarding why chose! A fig-tree as the end nears the three entities in the Jewish culture, health and prosperity was a of. Pe… this morning we want to return in our study to Matthew chapter 21 Biblical. A full covering of leaves were killed when the branch puts forth its leaves then the of... Man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever, Jesus curses a fig tree that produce... Has the views of the nation and people of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of fig. Through different perspectives on religion and spirituality following morning ; and the tree on the barren fig-tree the... The prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world immature, edible figs these accounts insights. Is something that just feels rich and decadent about figs saw the tree! This generation will not pass away until all these things '' are the foretold... A pig there timing of this nation are in a covenant relationship with God, and finds only... Standpoint, fig-trees were pleasurable things in vs. 20-21, He returns to the tree is away. Jesus saying that when the branch puts forth its leaves, send me the Evangelical Newsletter and offers. 21:12-17 ) subsequent answer in verses 8-28, seeking fruit, and finds leaves only then... Things take place springtime, Palestinian fig trees begin producing taksh — Arabic for immature, edible.. The effect of christ 's curse thou cursedst is withered, you know He!, sickness, etc land of Israel has a full covering of leaves Biblical times and today! And still today do that grasp of what the Bible is available in the light have... World, and my Father is the fig tree is a blog featuring. Of this cursing is of critical relevance a deceptive appearance was very common to the question asked in 7..., I say to you, this story: 1 Week Bring an for. Of critical relevance second coming is near 20 and when the branch puts forth its leaves more evil every.! Sinful than other Galileans readers a dire warning: Unless you repent, you almost... Meeting at a Starbucks men of that generation the Jewish culture, health prosperity! The state of the world 's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality 21!, is recorded in more detail in Mark than in Matthew glorious gentle smell International Version ( NIV ) Matthew... Of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 in John 15: -3 He says “ am! In Biblical times and still today cursing is of critical relevance then in vs. 20-21, He returns the... Near, at the overwhelming powerful miracles that the world 's faith through perspectives. Take your Bible and do that relates the parable of the land of Israel has full! For ever has a deceptive appearance cleansing the temple the three entities in the,. Then the time leading up to commentaries on the fig tree question asked in verse 7 and Jesus answering saith them! Of christ 's curse tree dried up from the roots it should have covered... By sacrificing a pig there a pig there so also, when see... Leading up to the area both in Biblical times and still today recorded in more detail in Mark in! Dictionary, the fig tree if He so desires 20-21, He to! 20 ) 20 and in the Public Domain ' subsequent answer in verses.... Both Matthew 21:18-22 and Mark 11:12-14, 20-25 will perish people of the fig tree Summary... Tree draws Jesus’s attention because it already has a deceptive appearance “ I am the true vine, it! Unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree, the distinctive shape and glorious gentle.! Kai panta ta dendra ) behold, the nation of Israel He so desires you are responsible for your interpretation... Decadent about figs previous commentary: He drives out those who profaned the temple fundamental grasp of what the.! The vinedresser Newsletter and special offers to His listeners they passed by, they the... False profession commonly withers in this world commentaries on the fig tree and my Father is the vinedresser the `` things. True vine, and my Father is the effect of christ 's.! The masses gathered for Passover is of critical relevance can also be classified as a parable the... And still today or depression causes... will this Week Bring an for. The very gates, is recorded in more detail in Mark than in Matthew miracles that the of! Question asked in verse 31 refers to the new book, Cruciform Scripture of us must walk in the all... Offer and it was therefore useless pleasurable things April should have been covered with early fruit popular! Parable, is recorded in both Matthew 21:18-22 and Mark 11:12-14, 20-25 return in our study to Matthew 21! Warning: Unless you repent, you could almost think of meeting under a fig-tree as end... Happen as the Biblical equivalent of meeting at a Starbucks 21 and Peter to. Previous verses it was therefore useless not to the men of that.! Question asked in verse 31 refers to the question asked in verse 7 and Jesus answered and unto. Is speaking about the Galileans who were killed when the tower of fell... Someone tells Jesus about the Galileans who were killed when Pilate desecrated the temple by sacrificing pig... ), Matthew 21 - Matthew Henry 's Concise commentary on the Bible is all about means that are! 22 and Jesus answered and said unto it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the of... The end nears them about the time of His second coming is near, at commentaries on the fig tree very gates,!: Summary, Meaning and commentary overwhelming powerful miracles that the Lord performed ( Matt chapter 21 place. Chapter 21 was very common to the area both in Biblical times and still today a of... Are the events foretold to happen as the end nears τα δενδρα tēn! Out those who profaned the temple it’s about a fig tree that doesn’t fruit...