(e)(d) John 1:12; Rom. (n) Luke 1:35; Col. 2:9; Rom. 7:1; Rom. 9:18, 19 with II Sam. 6:13. 2:2; Isa. 18:17, 18; John 20:21, 22, 23; II Cor. (d)(c) Ezek. 12:48; Gen. 10:16. 2:5. 2:14; Titus 3:3, 4, 5.IV. (c) Rom. Beside this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, His graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits;(d) and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. 12:14.II. 1:8, 9; II Thess. 3:3, 6. 5:4. (c) Acts 10:43; Gal. (h) Heb. 4:6. 3:9, 19. 8:1; Isa. (m) Wherefore they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ,(n) are effectually called unto faith in Christ by His Spirit working in due season, are justified, adopted, sanctified,(o) and kept by His power through faith, unto salvation. 5:10, 11; II Thess. Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest or any other alone;(g) as likewise, the denial of the cup to the people,(h) worshipping the elements, the lifting them up or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use; are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ. 9:22, 23; Matt. 3:6. all his commands. After nearly four centuries, the Westminster Confession of Faith still influences millions of Christians today because the truths from God’s Word that the Confession re-affirms are life-changing truths. 19:5; I Kings 22:28, 34; Isa. (m) Rev. (a)(a) Rom. 15:4; Matt. 1:19, 21; II Tim. (i)(g) Rom. 6:22.III. 1:19. (s) Gal. 64:5, 7, 9; II Sam. (i)(g) Exod. (q) Psalm 119:105, 130.VIII. Unto this catholic visible Church Christ hath given the ministry, oracles, and ordinances of God, for the gathering and perfecting of the saints, in this life, to the end of the world: and doth by His own presence and Spirit, according to His promise, make them effectual thereunto. 11:23, 24, 25, 26. 1:5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. 3:22, 24, 25, 27, 28; Tit. 20 Have not I written to thee 58:13; Neh. Those whom God effectually calleth, He also freely justifieth;(a) not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous, not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness, but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them,(b) they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God. 119:32. 10:39. 4:11; Acts 10:2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47. (b) Exod. 2:13, 14; II Cor. 2:1, 2; John 17:20; II Sam. 2:13. (e)(e) Eph. 2:4, 5; Prov. 51:8. They state that because the sinful act was not actually performed by God Himself, but only by the creature, God is not responsible for the sin. (c) Mal. 23. 5:22, 23. (s) Ephes. (n)(l) Matt. God, the Confession is at pains to emphasise, has one purpose, one plan. (g) Rom 11:36. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ through the Spirit,(m) who worketh when, and where, and how He pleaseth:(n) so also, are all other elect persons who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word. 1:30.II. 6:1. 1:21. (l) Ps. (d) Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the New Testament, as well as under the Old;(e) so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters ought to be taken. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but Baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person. 18:24, 25, 26, 27, 28. (d)(a) Heb. (s) Lev. 3:14, 16; Rom 3:21, 22, 23, 30; Ps. 13:5; Tit. 4:4, 5; Rom. (o) Rom. (p) Acts 8:13, 23.VI. 10:20. 9:15, 18. (h) John 14:13, 14; I Pet. 1:11; Rom. 11:25, 26; Rom. 2:19. 12:28; Eph. (q)(o) I John 5:7; Matt. The light of nature showeth that there is a God, who hath lordship and sovereignty over all, is good, and doth good unto all, and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served, with all the heart, and with all the soul, and with all the might. 4:34, 35; Ps. Religious worship is to be given to God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; and to Him alone;(c) not to angels, saints, or any other creature:(d) and since the fall, not without a Mediator; nor in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone. (d) Rom. 1:20; I Cor. ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesThe Song of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiOf the New Testament:The Gospels according toMatthewMarkLukeJohnThe Acts of the ApostlesPaul’s EpistlesTo the RomansCorinthians I.Corinthians II.GalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossiansThessalonians I.Thessalonians II.To Timothy I.To Timothy II.To TitusTo PhilemonThe Epistle to the HebrewsThe Epistle of JamesThe first and second Epistles of PeterThe first, second, and third Epistles of JohnThe Epistle of JudeThe Revelation of JohnAll which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life. (o) I Cor. 22:2, 3; Job 35:7, 8; Luke 17:10; Acts 17:24, 25.II. (g)(e) Ezek. 1:21; I Cor. (q) I John 5:16.V. 1:12. 15:3; Ps. (c) Matt. 100:2, 3; Job. 6:4, 5. 13:20, 21; Heb. 13:8.VII. (c) I Cor. 1:3. 7:6.Chapter XXX.Of Church Censures.I. Synods and councils are to handle, or conclude, nothing, but that which is ecclesiastical: and are not to intermeddle with civil affairs which concern the commonwealth; unless by way of humble petition, in cases extraordinary; or by way of advice, for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate. CHAPTER 2. 16:61, 62, 63. 15:9, 10, 11, 12. Chapter XXXII of the Westminster Confession. (i) I Tim. 5:4, 5, 6; Ps. There are only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the Word lawfully ordained. 45:7, with Heb. (k)(h) Lev. 2:16; Phil. (b) Rom. 3:16, 17, 18, 19; John 1:16; Eph. (k) I Cor. 3:16. 11:13; I Tim. The rest of mankind God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of His own will, whereby He extendeth or withholdeth mercy, as He pleaseth, for the glory of His sovereign power over His creatures, to pass by; and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath, for their sin, to the praise of His glorious justice. (a) But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by Himself, and so limited by His own revealed will, that He may not be worshipped according to the imaginations and devices of men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representation, or any other way not prescribed in the holy Scripture. (d) Ps. 1:11, 14; John 17:2; Heb. 11:7; Eph. (l) I Cor. 2:11; Ps. (b) Luke 24:47; Mark 1:15; Acts 20:21.II. 19:13; Luke 19:8; I Tim. 2:5, 6; Heb. 2:13. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity;(f) so will He have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly, Amen. (h) John 17:6; Ps. 13:20, 21; Heb. 8:4–6) living, and true God, (1 … 1:9; Jer. 4:25, 35. 6:3; Jude ver. Saints by profession are bound to maintain a holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God; and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification;(d) as also in relieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities, and necessities. 5:4.V. 2:2; Ps. 26:26, 27. 32:3, 4; Ps. 55:4, 5; I Cor. (k) Heb. 31:33, 34. 2:16; Gal. (e)(c) Matt. (l)(k) Rom. 1:30, 31; Rom. He is most holy in all his counsels, in all his works, and in (c) Gen. 1 chap. (d) Rom. 5:1, 2; Heb. (g)(a) Heb. 1:11, 12, 14; I John 3:16, 17, 18; Gal. 10:10. 7:29; Rom. For the better government, and further edification of the Church, there ought to be such assemblies as are commonly called synods or councils. To them also, as a body politic, He gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the State of that people; not obliging any other now, further than the general equity thereof may require. 2:8.Chapter XVI.Of Good Works.I. (h) I Pet. 6:23. 7:15, 18; Ps. 3:11; I Cor. 5:1. (f)(f) Gen. 17:10; Matt. (m) Rom. 26:27, 28; Matt. 11:33; Heb. (f) Deut. SamuelI. 28:13; I John 1:9. The Westminster Confession of Faith The Westminster Confession of Faith is perhaps the most notable expression in c reedal form of the truths of the Bibl e. It was the work of that assembly of divines which was calle d together by Parliament and met in London , at Westminster Abbey, du ring the years 1643 - … The Westminster Confession of Faith begins with one of the most well articulated statements concerning the doctrine of Scripture. 11:21, 23. 1:10, 11. 5:6.III. (k)(k) Heb. 6:6; Eph. 6:12, 14; I Pet. 1:1, 2.II. 12:2.Chapter XV.Of Repentance unto Life.I. (c) Therefore, to swear vainly or rashly, by that glorious and dreadful Name; or, to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred. (q) I John 2:1, 2; Rom. 50:21.V. 13:1 to 9; II Kings 23:1 to 26; II Chron. (t) Isa. 32:40; Isa. 3:11. (g) Rom. 12:28.VI. (x)(w) Gal. (s)(s) Titus 3:5.Chapter XXIX.Of the Lord’s Supper.I. For permissions, view our Copyright Policy. 19:11. (h)(a) Rom. 1:9; Tit. 5:17.V. 11:23, 24, 25, 26; I Cor. (e) Rom. God in His ordinary providence maketh use of means,(k) yet is free to work without,(l) above,(m) and against them at His pleasure. 2:12; Phil. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these:Of the Old Testament:GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuthI. (o) James 1:23, 24, 25; Rom. 11:28. We cannot, by our best works, merit pardon of sin, or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come; and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom, by them, we can neither profit, nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins,(q) but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants;(r) and because, as they are good, they proceed from His Spirit;(s) and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled, and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God’s judgment. (p) Ps. 10:16, 17, 21; I Cor. (y) Matt. For I am the Lord, I change not; therefore are ye sons of Jacob not consumed. (d)(d) Acts 15:15, 19, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31; Acts 16:4; Matt. 9:16; Titus 3:5. 8:9, 14; Rom. 2:17.II. (b) II Thess. (d) Rom. 8:3; Rom. (e) Yet is it the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord:(f) and therefore such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, papists, or other idolaters: neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies. 4:18. 28:19; Eph. 3:16. 2:13. 43:3, 4, 5, 14.Chapter VI.Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof.I. 5:4, 5. (g) Mark 16:19. 5:14, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. 5:6; Rom. 13:21. 12:14; Rom. 11:26, 27, 28; Matt. (b) Luke 23:43; Eccles. (c) I Cor. (i) Isa. God hath all life,(a) glory,(b) goodness,(c) blessedness,(d) in and of Himself; and is alone in and unto Himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which He hath made,(e) nor deriving any glory from them,(f) but only manifesting His own glory in, by, unto, and upon them: He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things;(g) and hath most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them whatsoever Himself pleaseth. 2:13; Rom. 4:5, 6, 7, 8; II Cor. This law, after his fall, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness, and, as such, was delivered by God upon Mount Sinai, in ten commandments, and written in two tables:(b) the four first commandments containing our duty towards God; and the other six our duty to man. 3:21.Chapter XXXIII.Of the Last Judgment.I. (q) I John 3:9; Luke 22:32; Job 13:15; Ps. 2:15, 16, 17, 18, 19. 2:11.III. 3:21. 5:32; Deut. (e) Acts 2:44, 45; I John 3:17; II Cor. (e) All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated, under the new testament. 29, 30 chaps. 1:10. (x) Deut. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness. Truly, though perhaps also tritely, history is his story! (l) I John 2:20, 27; John 16:13, 14; I Cor. (h)(h) Heb. The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or Church; but wholly upon God (who is truth itself) the author thereof: and therefore it is to be received because it is the Word of God. (f) Isa. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion, with God,(c) and so became dead in sin,(d) and wholly defiled in all the parts and faculties of soul and body. 12:13.II. 8:30; Eph. 24.Chapter X.Of Effectual Calling.I. (m) Heb. 8:15. Although the corruption of man be such as is apt to study arguments unduly to put asunder those whom God hath joined together in marriage: yet nothing but adultery, or such wilful desertion as can no way be remedied by the Church or civil magistrate, is cause sufficient of dissolving the bond of marriage:(o) wherein, a public and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed; and the persons concerned in it not left to their own wills and discretion, in their own case. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin;(h) and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;(i) yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil. 31:15, 16, 17; Isa. 4:8. 11:18, 19, 20, 21, 22. 2:2, 3, 4, 5; I Cor. 8, 9, 10, 11. 1:17. 21:1; I Kings 22:22, 23; I Chron. (g)(e) Gal. 1:19, 20; Rev. (l) Luke 22:31, 32; Eph. 119:68; Jer. 8:18; Ps. (q) Ps. It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone:(o) and that it may be accepted, it is to be made voluntarily, out of faith, and conscience of duty, in way of thankfulness for mercy received, or for the obtaining of what we want; whereby we more strictly bind ourselves to necessary duties; or to other things, so far and so long as they may fitly conduce thereunto. 11:32.II. 8:6; Isa. 54:7, 8, 9, 10; Ps. The Westminster Confession of Faith stands at the peak of a great devel­opment of English Reformed theology and represents a developed covenant theology that is true to Scripture and flows inherently out of the Reformed system of doctrine. (l) Gen. 2:2, 3; I Cor. (d)(b) Heb. 28:18; Acts 2:36.IV. CHAPTER 26. (o)(l) Ps. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God so far manifest themselves in His providence, that it extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and men;(o) and that not by a bare permission,(p) but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding,(q) and otherwise ordering and governing of them, in a manifold dispensation, to His own holy ends;(r) yet so, as the sinfulness thereof proceedeth only from the creature, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is, nor can be, the author or approver of sin. 13:14. 13:6, 7. 36:26, 27; John 6:44, 45.IV. On the Westminster Confession framing it is an act (even “enjoyment” is stated in the verbal form: “to enjoy God”). (q) Gal. 2:11, 12, 14; II Cor. 15:43; Phil. 1:20, 21; Acts 15:15, 16.X. God, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, hath ordained civil magistrates, to be, under Him, over the people, for His own glory, and the public good: and, to this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defence and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evil doers. 16:1, 2; Acts 20:7. 3:5. 5:13, 14; Rom. 12:24; Heb. 4:24, 25, 26. (n) Col. 1:21, 22; Gal. (f) Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away, or infringe the title or propriety which each man hath in his goods and possessions. upon them, whatsoever himself pleaseth. eternal, incomprehensible, almighty, most wise, most holy, most free, most absolute, 1:17, 18, 19; Eph. 13:1; I Kings 2:35; Acts 25:9, 10, 11; II Pet. 64:6; Gal. 14. (r)(p) Cant. 4:2; Ps. 17:12, 16, 17; Neh. (f) Heb. 8:20; Lam. God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to good or evil. 9 chap. (p) And, for their publishing of such opinions, or maintaining of such practices, as are contrary to the light of nature, or to the known principles of Christianity, whether concerning faith, worship, or conversation; or, to the power of godliness; or, such erroneous opinions or practices, as either in their own nature, or in the manner of publishing or maintaining them, are destructive to the external peace and order which Christ hath established in the Church, they may lawfully be called to account, and proceeded against by the censures of the Church,(q) and by the power of the civil magistrate. (o) Phil. 6:18, 20; I Pet. (a)(a) I Cor. 28:19; I Cor. 1:2, 3; Exod. 3:10; Rom. 5:12, 13, 14.III. 6:11. (p) Deut. (f) Gal. 2:17, 22, 26; Gal. (a)(a) Eph. (k)(h) Rom. 1:2; John 1:2, 3; Gen. 1:2; Job. 58:13; Matt. 6:4, 1 Cor. 3:28; Rom. (u) Col. 3:16; Eph. 6:15; Dan. 15:4.IX. In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. (h) Matt. (g) Gal. 11:4; Heb. (g)(d) Rom. 9:32, 33. 1:13, 15.VI. 11:32, 33, 34; II Sam. 2:5; Exod. When the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America was formed in 1788, it adopted (with minor revisions) the Westminster Confession of Faith, Larger and Shorter Catechisms (1647), as its secondary standards (the Bible itself being the only infallible rule of faith and practice). (h) Gen. 24:2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9. 5:2, 3, 4, 6. God alone is Lord of the conscience,(k) and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men, which are in any thing contrary to His Word; or beside it, if matters of faith or worship. (i) Rom. 1:24; Matt. (p)(o) Ps. 14:6, 9, 11, 12, 24, 27, 28. (h)(h) II Tim. 2:3; I Cor. The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which, at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the nations), being immediately inspired by God, and, by His singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical;(r) so as, in all controversies of religion, the Church is finally to appeal unto them. (n) Heb. (f) I Kings 8:31; Neh. This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs beforehand, do not only observe an holy rest, all the day, from their own works, words, and thoughts about their worldly employments and recreations,(o) but also are taken up the whole time in the public and private exercises of His worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy. 2:3. (e) II Tim. (k) James 1:14, 15; Eph. (p)(g) Matt. The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own glory, man’s salvation, faith, and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions of men. (w) John 5:22, 27; Matt. 8:9.III. 13:8; Heb. 5:17; I Pet. 6:10.II. (l)(l) Eph. 26:18 with Matt. 4:11 with Col. 2:11, 12. 28:19, 20.VI. (b) Acts 7:2. 2:17. First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. (h) And particular Churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the Gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and public worship performed more or less purely in them. 119:68. 8:2; Eph. (p) Deut. 4:6, 7; Ps. 2:10, 12; Eph. (s) Acts 4:12; John 14:6; Eph. 9:2; Matt. (f)(d) Heb. (d) Beside these two places, for souls separated from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledgeth none. In his sight all things are open and manifest; his 15:18, 19; John 17:17. 20, 21.IV. (o) Rom. 72:17; Ps. The catholic or universal Church which is invisible, consists of the whole number of the elect, that have been, are, or shall be gathered into one, under Christ the Head thereof; and is the spouse, the body, the fulness of Him that filleth all in all. (d) John 4:24. Men ought not to content themselves with a general repentance, but it is every man’s duty to endeavour to repent of his particular sins, particularly. (o) I John 5:12; Acts 4:12.IV. The outward element to be used in this sacrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the Gospel, lawfully called thereunto. (m)(k) Jer. 3:15. 4; I Pet. (q) In which respects, Popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself. 20:15; Eph. (u)(t) II Chron. (e) All which were common also to believers under the law. (m) Col. 2:20, 22, 23; Gal. 3:25, 26. 1:11; John 15:8. (m) Gen. 17:1; Rev. 2:7, 8.II. (i) I Kings 8:27; Jer. (h)(h) Luke 24:27, 44; Rom. (c) And the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day. 10:19, 20, 21, 22. diligently seek him; and withal most just and terrible in his judgments; hating all sin; 1:19, 20; Ps. 10, 11, and II Thess. 2:15, 16.IV. 10, 11; Ezra 7:23, 25, 26, 27, 28; Rev. 55:10, 11; Hos. 6:5, 6; II Tim. 28:19, 20; I Cor. 10:1, 2, 3, 4.Chapter XXVIII.Of Baptism.I. 36:27. 1:4; Col. 1:13; Acts 26:18; Rom. 8:17; John 1:12. 3:13. 2:7, 8; Isa. 3:18; II Cor. (h) Mark 14:23; I Cor. (c) Heb. 1:21, 22.III. Introduction This explanation of the Westminster Confession of Faith is written to make plain the original intent meaning of the doctrines and church ordinances of the ministers and elder governors, who adopted the Confession to be the confession of the Church of Scotland in 1647. 63:14; Eph. I. God the great Creator of all things doth uphold,(a) direct, dispose, and govern all creatures, actions, and things,(b) from the greatest even to the least,(c) by His most wise and holy providence,(d) according to His infallible fore-knowledge,(e) and the free and immutable counsel of His own will,(f) to the praise of the glory of His wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy. 2:5.III. 7:23, 24, 27; Heb. (s) And to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested. (m)(m) Acts 3:21 with I Cor. 20:7; Jer. 3:17. (h) In His sight all things are open and manifest;(i) His knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature,(k) so as nothing is to Him contingent, or uncertain. The Scriptures principally teach, what man is to believe … 53:10. 4:13; Heb. and unto himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which he hath made, 12:7 & Luke 23:43 and Matt. Whosoever taketh an oath ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act; and therein to avouch nothing, but what he is fully persuaded is the truth. 10:11, 12, 14, 18.III. (p)(o) Matt. (h) Matt. (x) Neh. 5:11; Rev. 28:19; I Cor. 1:10; Rom. 119:71; I Cor. John 4:24. (b)(w) Rom. 21 chap. 5:5, 6. A lawful oath is a part of religious worship,(a) wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing solemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth, or promiseth, and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion, grounded upon a fallible hope;(e) but an infallible assurance of faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation,(f) the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made,(g) the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God:(h) which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption. 2:2. 36:31; Isa. 11:33, 34; Ps. (n) Rom. 13:25, 26, 27; Mal. (e) Col. 1:11; Eph. 9:11, 13, 16, 18.III. 4:12; Rom. 4:4; I Tim. (s) Prov. (i)(e) Heb. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard to the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New. (n)(k) Exod. 4:2; Isa. 1:2; I Cor. KingsI. (g) Tit. 4:4, 5; Acts 13:39; Rom. 89:30, 31, 32, 33, 34. The sacrament of Baptism is but once to be administered unto any person. 4:11, 12; I Cor. (f) Acts. 13:40, 41, 42; Jude ver. 5:1; Acts 15:10, 11. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son. 11:33. 5:17.VI. (g) Which sacrament is, by Christ’s own appointment, to be continued in His Church until the end of the world. (o) II Thess. 13:8.Chapter XII.Of Adoption.All those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for His only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption:(a) by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God,(b) have His name put upon them,(c) receive the spirit of adoption,(d) have access to the throne of grace with boldness,(e) are enabled to cry, Abba, Father,(f) are pitied,(g) protected,(h) provided for,(i) and chastened by Him as by a Father;(k) yet never cast off,(l) but sealed to the day of redemption,(m) and inherit the promises,(n) as heirs of everlasting salvation. 14:23; Isa. 6:3, 4. (h) Prov. (i) Gen. 3:6; Eccles. 9:5; I Pet. 76:10; II Kings 19:28. 33:4. (l)(k) Matt. 2:5. I. (b) Gal. 1:14.Chapter XIII.Of Sanctification.I. Church censures are necessary, for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren, for deterring of others from the like offences, for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump, for vindicating the honour of Christ, and the holy profession of the Gospel, and for preventing the wrath of God, which might justly fall upon the Church, if they should suffer His covenant and the seals thereof to be profaned by notorious and obstinate offenders. 1:19; John 6:44, 45. (k)(h) Rom. (q) John 17:9; Rom. 17:12; James 1:14; Deut. 1:26. (d) Gen. 2:17; Gal. 4:3, 6, 16, 17, 23, 24; Heb. 36:26. (k) Heb. 7:1.Chapter XIV.Of Saving Faith.I. 23.IV. 3:27; Rom. (h) James 1:17; Mal. (m)(m) Gal. (i) Rom. 8 and 9 chapters; Acts 11:29, 30.III. Although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence, do so … (f)(b) I Cor. (r) Mic. Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice in their behalf. (m) Prov. 7:7; Rom. 8:19, 20. (g) Neither may any man bind himself by oath to anything but what is good and just, and what he believeth so to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform. (r) Deut. 66:13, 14; Ps. 1:22. The end of God’s appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of His mercy, in the eternal salvation of the elect; and of His justice, in the damnation of the reprobate who are wicked and disobedient. (k)(k) Matt. 2:9 to 12. (d) Acts. 2:6; Isa. 9, 10, 11; I Cor. (i)(g) I Thess. 5:12; II Thess. (l) Not is it to be violated, although made to heretics, or infidels. (c) Heb. Of the Holy Scripture. God hath appointed a day, wherein He will judge the world in righteousness, by Jesus Christ,(a) to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father. 6, 7; I Pet. (u) Rom. 8:14, 15; I John 4:18. Donate Now. (m) II Pet. (l) Rom. (o)(n) Col. 1:18; Eph. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions,(d) yet hath He not decreed anything because He foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions. 7:1; Heb. I. (r) There are not therefore two covenants of grace, differing in substance, but one and the same, under various dispensations. 7:22. 4:14, 16; Heb. 2:4. 10:16; I Cor. 1:32, with chap. 13:8; Acts 15:11.Chapter VIII.Of Christ the Mediator.I. 59:21.IV. (g) Rom. (d) John 14:16, 17; I John 2:27; I John 3:9. eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. 7:25. 40:13, 14, 15, 16, 17; Job. Prayer is to be made for things lawful;(n) and for all sorts of men living, or that shall live hereafter:(o) but not for the dead,(p) nor for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned the sin unto death. 12:13. (p) I Pet. 2:14, 16, 17; Heb. 2:13. There is but one only living and true God, who is infinite in being and perfection, (n)(k) Jam. 5:12; Exod. 1:6, 7, 8.Chapter XI.Of Justification.I. 12:23; II Cor. (n) Rom. (d)(a) Acts 17:31. (q)(m) I Pet. (k) Rom. 12:2; Heb. The clause was placed there to be an expression defending the sufficiency of Scripture in all of life. 5:1, 2, 5; Rom. Although, in relation to the fore-knowledge and decree of God, the first Cause, all things come to pass immutably, and infallibly:(h) yet, by the same providence, He ordereth them to fall out, according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently. 2:19, 20; Jude ver. (d) Exod. As the providence of God doth in general reach to all creatures, so after a most special manner, it taketh care of His Church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof. Made the rule of faith of English-speaking Presbyterians 13:37 ; Rom Mark 13:35, 36,... An ever so brief clause on how one might do theology ) Ezra 9:13, 14 I! 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